NRS 429 Topic 5 DQ 1
Explain the role of health education in health promotion. How is the nursing process used in developing health education? Describe a contemporary issue, local or global, that a family may experience today. What steps would the nurse take to address these as part of a health education plan?
One way to implement programs for health promotion and disease prevention is through health education. Experience in health-related subjects are provided through health education. Strategies for health education are developed with the specific population in mind. Health education provides tools to build capacity and support behavior change in an appropriate setting, as well as information on specific health topics to target populations, including the health benefits and threats they face.
Individual, group, institutional, community, and systemic strategies for enhancing health knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behavior are all components of health education. Health education aims to positively influence individuals’ and communities’ health behaviors, as well as the living and working conditions that affect their health. Just like in everything else in healthcare, health education can use the nursing process to ensure better care. We assess, intervene and evaluate to ensure that the right care or information is given. The pain global issue a family can face is poverty, which is the #1 on global issues facing the world. A nurse may take steps to address these issues by helping low-income families apply for Medicaid or food stamps, and sometimes these government agencies help the families get a job.
Kent State University. https://www.kent.edu/ehhs/hs/dedp
You are right. According to what we are reading about health promotion by Angel Falkner, Health promotion is a process of enabling people to increase control over, and improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior toward a wide range of social and environmental interventions. Nurses play an integral role in providing health education and resources to many patients. Health promotion is embedded in the daily routine of nursing practice teaching the community; The SDOH includes a variety of factors that all have a significant effect on; individual life and health status; for example, relationships, society, community, and individuals; these are factors typically influence by the environment from the circumstances of the need.
Jeff is a 28n year 28 old young man who was involved in a motorcycle accident and sustained multiple compound fractures. The functional model of health would view the patient’s acute injuries as a primary concern and consider how these injuries will affect the patient’s ability to return home or work and return to normal health. The health care team for a patient for whom this model applies would focus on formulating a POC that helps set goals related to returning the patient to optimum functioning capacity. That is precisely the health promotion function.
Just as you said, health education is a very important part of health promotion. “Health education focuses on prevention, increasing health equity, and decreasing negative health outcomes such as availability and accessibility of health services, benefiting all stakeholders.” (Touro University, 2020, p.1) The ultimate goal of health education is to promote positive health patterns and help people reach positive health outcomes. Health education also works to tackle health disparities across the nation.
(2022, September 14). What is Health Education: BS In Health Science: TUW. Touro University WorldWide. Retrieved October 27, 2022, from https://www.tuw.edu/school-news/why-is-health-education-important/
Health education is the first essential step to working towards health promotion. A desire to learn is the first task to obtain from a client. If the client does not express desire, formal learning and education cannot be performed effectively. Building one’s education in a health-related topic improves their knowledge of a subject. It furthers the chance for an individual to utilize self-management health promotion strategies to benefit their health. It is vital to address any barriers one may face to learning. This could be related to finances, education, resources, or language. Incorporating these into learning encourages the client to follow through with recommendations from a provider. The nursing process is used to section out ways to create a care plan by ensuring all the steps have been developed. If the actions of health education and the nursing process are used correctly, one’s health will improve significantly. However, frequent reassessments need to be made to determine if the current method is still working or if adjustments need to be made.
with all the government assistance programs do you believe it’s a possible factor in enabling low-income families to make those programs their long term solutions various short term and not to strive to reach for better opportunies?
These families are not making those programs their long term solution, rather theiy are trying to temporarily have the basic human needs, like healthcare, food, shelter etc. Also these government agencies help them secure jobs so they can afford to get off these programs and maybe live comfortably. In a country like the United states, poverty should not so common, yet a lot of people can not afford 3 healthy square meals daily.
Totally agree that promoting health education especially in minority and underserved communities is a great place to start as those communities are usually the ones at higher risk of major disease and illness due to the simple fact of lack of education and possibly language barriers.
I agree that health education a way to be successful in health promotion. At my place of employment we have short education courses that have to be completed by certain deadlines. I really feel that they help with staying on track with updated strategies in nursing
Health education is essential to health promotion for all populations. The nursing process can be used in developing educational programs which promote healthy lifestyle choices for prevention of disease, in addition to improved management of existing diseases, such as Hypertension and Diabetes.
The Nursing Process includes Assessment, Analysis, Planning, Implementation and Evaluation. The steps of this process can assist a nurse in developing an adequate educational program if a thorough nursing assessment is completed. The nurse can utilize this information to identify learning needs and knowledge deficits. Careful analysis of the data can assist the patient in planning the proper teaching strategy, according to the patient’s learning style and educational or developmental level. Delivery of the information in the format which is decided to be the most effective and most beneficial, is the implementation phase. It is important for the nurse to constantly be re-assessing for educational needs and also to be determining if the chosen educational strategy and content was effective. Evaluation of education can be completed after education has been received and processed. (Bergh, et al, 2015.)
An example of a contemporary issue that a family may experience today is a family that is experiencing homelessness. The family unit wishes to stay together, but there are not enough beds in one shelter to house all 5 of them. The single parent has been seeking employment. The children have been attending school online when they have a hotel voucher from Department of Social Services.
The following are the steps that the nurse can take in order to implement an educational plan:
Assessment—The nurse can determine what the medical and social needs are specifically. It is important to ask where the family slept last night and if they are “Street Homeless.” In this case, the family sometimes stayed in a hotel, and sometimes stayed in the family car.
Analysis and Planning—Anticipate needs of the family members. Determine their need for food, clothing, and shelter. What immediate supports and services are available in the Community? This may also be the time to call Department of Social Services or Child Protective Services, in order to explore options available for emergency housing in the community.
Implementation—Discuss resources that are available and how to access those resources. This is the point when barriers are often unexpected, but they are also identified and overcome.
Evaluation—How effective was the teaching about health needs and resources? Was the plan practical, and is it a plan that is realistic for the patient and the family at this time? What other supports do they need to have in place to assist them?
(Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2022.)
Bergh A-L, Friberg F, Persson E, Dahlborg-Lyckhage E. Registered Nurses’ Patient Education in Everyday Primary Care Practice: Managers’ Discourses. Global Qualitative Nursing Research. 2015;2. doi:10.1177/2333393615599168
Toney-Butler TJ, Thayer JM. Nursing Process. [Updated 2022 Apr 14]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK499937/
great post and great topics to address with homelessness as this a a major issue in some major metropolitan areas in the U.S. and personally in my hospital we get our fair share of homeless patients and patients that have a lack of shelter. In our facility the social workers and case managers do a excellent job in finding resources and shelter for this population once they have been stabilized from the medical point of view but often we also have a difficult time placing these patients and they can become hard to take care of because they start to abuse of manipulate staff after a time to get things done a certain way or pain medication seeking behavior.
Health promotion is an essential part of public health because it helps people, communities, and governments deal with health issues. This is accomplished through the development of sound public policies, the creation of environments that are supportive, and the development of personal abilities and community involvement. Health education provides tools to build capacity and support behavior change in an appropriate setting, as well as information on specific health topics to target populations, including the health benefits and threats they face.
The nurse’s role in health promotion is a very important one that encompasses many roles, including acting as a advocate, deliverer of services, care manager, educator and researcher. As the advocate the nurse is the first contact for a patient, which is why patient advocacy is a fundamental nursing role. Nurses must utilize the power of advocacy in order to identify and address patients’ specific needs. This is also consistent with Provision 3 of the American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics, which specifically endorses the role of the nurse as a patient advocate (Falkner, 2018). A contemporary issue that a family may experience is domestic violence. According to Ellis (1999), “domestic violence, is a health threat that spans all socioeconomic classes, professions, cultures, religions, ages, and gender. Because there are no specific demographic indicators, identification of victims of domestic violence can be difficult. Men as well as women can be victims of domestic violence. However, research has shown that 95–98 percent of victims are women. 1,2 Domestic violence screening of all women in the emergency department, regardless of their presenting complaint, is one way to effectively identify victims of violence. Emergency department registered nurses (RNs), particularly triage nurses, are an obvious choice as screeners, yet there are data to indicate that screening is not being done”.
Ellis, J. M. (1999). Barriers to Effective Screening for Domestic Violence by Registered Nurses in the Emergency Department. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 22 (1), 27-41.
Falkner, A. (2018). Health Education, Promotion, and Current Challenges for Family-Centered Promotion. Health Promotion: Health & Wellness Across the Continuum. (Chapter 5). Grand Canyon University. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum/v1.1/#/chapter/5
Working as an advocate for our patients is a very important part of the nursing profession. “In the nursing profession, advocacy means preserving human dignity, promoting patient equality, and providing freedom from suffering. It’s also about ensuring that patients have the right to make decisions about their own health.” (Loyola University, 2018, p.1) Part of advocating for patients is providing them with the correct education and information to make informed decisions regarding their health. Through health education, we can ensure that our patient’s decisions and actions in regard to their health are evidence-based.
ABSN, L. C. (2021, August 16). The role of the nurse as patient advocate – ABSN. Loyola Chicago ABSN. Retrieved October 27, 2022, from https://absn.luc.edu/blog/role-of-nurse-patient-advocate
We have an important role to play in their work in hospital and community settings, to assist women (and their children) who are victims of abuse/violence in a domestic situation. While domestic violence remains a serious and frequent aspect of women’s intimate relationships, and women and children suffer health consequences as a result, We have a significant role to play in working toward the prevention and early intervention of domestic violence.
Well said! Health promotion plays a big role in maintaining the quality of the current healthcare system. Better health promotion lowers the rate of diseases (Timmers et al., 2020). That means the resources that would be needed to cure those cases can now be implemented in other more critical areas. Without health promotion, many preventable illnesses would end up occurring. That would put a huge amount of burden on the healthcare system which can definitely lower the quality of care. This is especially true when the healthcare facilities are already under so much stress from the pandemic.
Timmers, T., Janssen, L., Kool, R. B., & Kremer, J. A. (2020). Educating Patients by Providing Timely Information Using Smartphone and Tablet Apps: Systematic Review. Journal of medical Internet research, 22(4), e17342. https://doi.org/10.2196/17342
Health education is a process that helps people learn about the factors that affect their health and well-being. It is a process of learning that takes place over time and is often delivered through formal channels such as schools, health care providers, or community-based organizations. According to Koushede and Donovan (2022), the role of health education in health promotion is to provide individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary to make informed decisions about their health.
The nursing process is a systematic, patient-centered approach to planning and delivering nursing care based on the best available evidence. It is a framework for making decisions about care delivery that is individualized to the patient’s needs. The nursing process is used to develop health education plans that are individualized to the client’s needs. The nurse assesses the client’s needs, develops a care plan, implements the program, and evaluates the client’s response to the program. The nurse also provides education on various health topics, including nutrition, exercise, and disease prevention.
A contemporary issue a family may experience today is the increasing cost of healthcare. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, the average annual cost of healthcare for a family of four was $28,166 in 2018 (Deane, 2020). The nurse’s steps to address this as part of a health education plan would be first to identify the factors contributing to the rising cost of healthcare. These factors could include the increasing cost of prescription drugs, the aging population, and the increased use of health services. The nurse can then assess the family’s current knowledge about the issue. They can provide education on ways to reduce the cost of healthcare, such as choosing a less expensive health insurance plan, negotiating with healthcare providers, and choosing generic medications. The nurse could also provide resources about financial assistance programs that may be available to the family.
Deane Waldman MD, M. B. A. (2020). Clinicians Must Cure” Patient Healthcare” Politicians Never Will. The Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM, 35(5), 279-282.https://www.proquest.com/openview/e7e519e3b9d520c87f6afead9f2033b9/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=32264
Koushede, V., & Donovan, R. (2022). Applying salutogenesis in community-wide mental health promotion. In The handbook of salutogenesis, 479-490. https://library.oapen.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.12657/52407/978-3-0
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