Explain the role of the community health nurse in partnership with community stakeholders for population health promotion. Explain why it is important to appraise community resources (nonprofit, spiritual/religious, etc.) as part of a community assessment and why these resources are important in population health promotion.
WHO defines Community health as environmental, social and economical resources to. sustain emotional and physical wellbeing among people in ways that advance their aspirations and satisfy their needs in the unique environment. The community health nurse plays a vital role in ensuring community health, partners with community stakeholders and has numerous roles which include integrating community involvement and knowledge about the population with personal, clinical understanding of health and illness and experiences of individuals and families within the population. Evaluating health trends and risk factors of population groups and helping to determine priorities for targeted interventions for example malnutrition, sexually transmitted infections and diabetes mellitus. The nurse provides health education, care management and primary care to individuals and families who are members of a vulnerable population and high risk groups. The nurse assesses and evaluates healthcare services to ensure that people are informed of available programs and services to ensure that people are informed of available programs and services and assisted in the utilization of these services for example screening, therapy and counseling. (Missouri Department of health and senior services, 2020).
It is important to appraise Faith Based Organizations because they important venues for health promotion especially in underserved communities. Religious groups have a moral responsibility toward the wellbeing of the community but they lack the resources to do it alone and therefore may partner with faith based organizations and community stakeholders to achieve this goal. Faith based and religious groups have good understanding of the local context and speak out for underprivileged making them excellent in health promotion. These groups have close links to communities and influence over them and therefore have the ideal opportunity to promote health and address other cultural factors that contribute to ill health and untimely death. (The John Hopkins University 2021).
The John Hopkins University. 2021. What is the role of Faith Based Organizations? www.healthcommcapacity.org/what-is-the-role-of-faith-based-organizations
Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services. Public manual .2020. Role of Public Health Nurses. www.health.mo.gov/living/phnroles.php
I agree with you that community health incorporates various resources that sustain emotional and physical wellbeing of the people. Social, environmental, and economic resources. The community health nurse is a crucial person in community health (Osman et al., 2021). Health nurses in conjunction with other stakeholders are mandated multiple obligations within the community. Since the community health nurses are experts their position in the organization allows them to educate the public. When engaging the public health nurses engages various stakeholders based on the nature of the assignment (Sezici et al., 2017). Evaluating health trends and the risk factors of various groups in the community provides data that can be used to tailor the budget of healthcare services (Salerno et al., 2018). It is important to appraise community resources to determine the strength of the community when there is a crisis. Community resources supports the community well-being. Therefore, assessment disclose more information about resources.
Osman, W., Ninnoni, J. P., & Anim, M. T. (2021). Use of the nursing process for patient care in a Ghanaian Teaching Hospital: A cross sectional study. International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences, 14, 100281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijans.2021.100281
Salerno, J. P., McEwing, E., Matsuda, Y., Gonzalez‐Guarda, R. M., Ogunrinde, O., Azaiza, M., & Williams, J. R. (2018). Evaluation of a nursing student health fair program: Meeting curricular standards and improving community members’ health. Public Health Nursing, 35(5), 450-457. https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.12402
Sezici, E., Ocakci, A. F., & Kadioglu, H. (2017). Use of play therapy in nursing process: A prospective randomized controlled study. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 49(2), 162-169. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12277
The role of a community health nurse is to apply the principles of nursing, social sciences, and public health, to protect and enhance the health of a community based on its unique needs. The philosophy of community health nursing is in contrast to that of common medical practice. When a patient becomes sick or injured, medical practice intervenes to bring them back to their former state of health. In contrast, community health nursing takes a more proactive approach to healthcare by improving the health of communities to decrease the occurence of hospitalizations. (Grand Canyon University, 2018).
It is important that community health nurses and community stakeholders collaborate to provide effective care to a population. Community stakeholders are individuals who are directly impacted by the health of a community. An example scenario that illustrates this relationship would be community health nurses organizing COVID-19 vaccination clinics at a church. The pastor is the stakeholder who understands the risk of a COVID-19 outbreak and therefore urges parishoners to become vaccinated. Without the pastor’s support, vaccine hesitancy can undermine the credibility of the community health nurse, placing the community at continued risk for COVID-19 outbreak. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d.)
It is important to appraise community resources during a community assessment because it guides planning for community nursing interventions. By utilizing the SWOT analysis, nurses can assess a community’s strengths, assets, resources, and weaknesses. For example, an SWOT assessment might reveal that a community is lacking in clinics for low-income patients. This highlights a health disparity that must be addressed to promote a healthier community. (GCU, 2018).
Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Community & public health: The future of health care. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/
Vincent I agree with you that community health nurses are nurses mandated to enhance community health based distinct community properties. Health nurses have many obligations in the community as they deal with various people and groups (Juniarti et al., 2019). However, these healthcare providers are expected to impact the health of the community. The philosophy of community health nursing prepares the nurses well to take care of the community health (Martin et al., 2020). The public trusts health nurses when some individuals are sick they expect to recover once the nurse attend to them. Community health nursing care decreases hospitalizations due to the impact of congestion on healthcare facilities (Quinn et al., 2019). Therefore, nurses prefer to attend to different people in the public. Healthcare providers with perfect rapport with different stakeholders benefit from a cordial working environment. Community stakeholders understand the societies and ideological differences among various population groups. During the COVID-19 communities have been compelled to work together to protect people and socioeconomic structures from negative impact of the pandemic.
Juniarti, N., Fuller, J., Zannettino, L., & Grant, J. (2019). Conceptual framework of the nursing centre for the integration of community health nursing practice, education, and research. Primary health care research & development, 20.
Martin, J. M., Tremblay, B., & Karlowicz, K. (2020). Community health education re-envisioned: the value of partnership with the local food bank. Journal of Professional Nursing, 36(5), 417-423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2020.01.009
Quinn, B. L., El Ghaziri, M., & Knight, M. (2019). Incorporating social justice, community partnerships, and student engagement in community health nursing courses. Teaching and Learning in Nursing, 14(3), 183-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.teln.2019.02.006
Health promotion refers to planned activities and programs in order to protect and improve the public health which not only includes individuals, but also different populations and communities as well living in a society, by preventing diseases and infections, and spreading health education (Laverack, 2017). Community health nurses play a vital role in public health promotion as they communicate with the community stakeholders such as household heads, parents, business owners, etc. in order to carry out an assessment about the attitudes and knowledge that is needed to plan and design the healthcare awareness programs (de Mello et al., 2018). This assessment is to determine facts and attitudes about required and accessible health services for the community. As opposite to Community-based care which focuses on health promotion, disease prevention, and restorative care. Community health nursing focuses on a group of people with the primary purpose of targeting the population as a whole. As example when educating and organizing health activities in school, family are encouraged to accompany their children in the program so a wide range of people are targeted. Community health nurses are really important to remote places where heath care is not available. Now a days we have seen patient duration very short in the acute care settings so it has become a must to organize health care delivery services where people live, work, socialize, and learn. Community resources such as spiritual beliefs and moral values appraisal are important in better community understanding and also in enhancing the participation of people in public health care and promotion programs. In addition, appraising and incorporation such values in community health promotions programs make the nurses and the healthcare delivery system culturally competent, which in return ensures equal access to healthcare services.
de Mello, D. F., Caliri, M. H. L., Mamede, F. V., de Aguiar Tonetto, E. M. F., & Reilly, J. R. (2018). An innovative exchange model for global and community health nursing education. Nurse Educator, 43(3), E1–E4.
Laverack, G. (2017). The challenge of behaviour change and health promotion. Challenges, 8(2), 25.
Natacha I agree with you that health promotion are planned activities aimed at improving public health. The programs consider diversitie